Once acknowledged the association between dental and cardio-vascular diseases, of special importance due to their high frequency, evidencing of the possible causal relations between cardio-vascular maladies and chronic periodontal diseases, known as causing teeth losses, becomes essential. The existence of some risk factors, such as smoking, bacterial infections, nutritional disequilibria and deficiencies, may explain the associations observed between cardio-vascular and oral pathologies.
In the case of dental diseases, acceleration of atherosclerosis is supported by the role played by infections.
The study – performed between 2008-2009 – analyzed 45 cases, selected from the patients hospitalized in the Medical Clinics of the Military Hospital of Iasi.
The patients included in the study suffered from HTA, cardiac insufficiency, ischemic cardiopathy, pectoral angina and subacute infectious endocarditis. All were subjected to a stomatological examination, for establishing their dental hygiene, the stomatological diseases they had had and the treatments performed.
There exist several ways which relate the infection produced at the level of the oral cavity to the cardiovascular diseases, such as: transitory bacteriemia; inflammation and vascular lesions; food and smoking.
- aged person
- cardio-vascular factors of risk
- diseases of the stomatognate system