Scope of the study: Evaluation of oral health condition in 6 and 12 year-old children of Iaºi, analysis of the sanogene habits of children and mothers; evidencing the relation between the educational level of the mother and children’s sanogene habits, as well as their influence upon their own health condition; the differences between educators and mothers on their oral health knowledge.
Materials and method: The study, performed in 5 schools of Iasi, between 2009-2010, included 345 children (6-7 yeas, class I) and 297 children (11-12 years, class VI), being devoted to the establishment of their odontal status, evaluated by the DMFT index, of the oral health level, evaluated with the OHI-S index and of periodontal health, appreciated with the (CPITN) index, through a clinical examination performed each year in school medicine consulting rooms, the data collected being included in the WHO files, according to some previously established criteria. Information has been collected from 523 mothers and 125 schoolmasters,by the questionnaire method, the statistical data obtained being analyzed with the SPSS 14.0 program.
Results: The results obtained indicate an increased prevalence of the dental caries, of 86% for 6-7 year-old children, and of 76%, respectively, for the 11-12 year-old ones, nevertheless lower than the values registered in previous years. The dmft value in 6-7 year-old children was 2.9, the DMFT value at ages of 11-12 years being of 2.8. 47% of the mothers indicated that the ”bacteria+sugar ” association represents the main cause of dental caries, 35% incriminated the ”bacteria”, while 27% associate the formation of caries with the consumption of sugar. The causes of gingival bleeding were: incorrect dental brush (49%), bacterial plaque (44%), unhealthy diet (35%), general diseases (30%), heredity (9%), while 9% of the mothers did not know the possible causes of gingival bleeding. It was only 1.5% of the mothers that were convinced that the oral health of their child was very good, 17% – good, 47% – satisfactory, 19% – affected; 4% of the mothers refused to answer. 43.7% of the 6 year-old children and 67.8% of their mothers asserted that they practice dental brush at least twice a day. 23.1% of the 6 year-old children and 88.7% of their mothers have had a stomatological control in the last 12 months. Educated mothers tend to have more knowledge on dental health as well as regular sanogene attitudes, participating actively, together with their children, to therealization of dental brush.
Conclusions: The family is responsible for child’s sanogene life style, as it constitutes the first source of information on oral health. The results of the present study show that the sanogene habits of the adults, as well as the level of their knowledge, represent important factors in the sanogene education of their children.
- oral health
- sanogene knowledge