Scope of the studyt: was to evaluate the odontoperiodontal modifications observed in patients with renal pathology in terminal stage, installed as a result of several chronic systemic pathologies, subjected to either dialysis or transplants
Materials and method: The group of patients suffering from IRC included 42 persons (30 men and 12 women, with an average age of 42.6 ± 9.2 years), while the control group was formed of 88 patients (36 men and 52 women, with an average age of 41.3 ± 8.4 years). 28 patients with IRC were treated by HD – hemodialysis, 8 by DPAC – continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, and 6 by CCPD – continuous assisted cycle of peritoneal dialysis. The investigation was developed in the Specialized Policlinics of the „Sf. Apostol Andrei” Urgency Hospital of Gala�i.
Results: The distribution of dialysed patients affected with IRC according to the type of therapy applied is the following: the highest ratio – 59% – is recorded for the patients treated by hemodialysis, followed by those subjected to ambulatory continuous peritoneal dialysis (DPAC) and by those with continuous cycle assisted by peritoneal dialysis (CCDP). A statistically significant association was observed between the number of teeth covered by dental plaque or scale and the number of elements with bleeding on probing (r = 0.543, P<0.001 and r = 0.568, P<0.001, respectively). Conclusions: The study shows that the dialysed patients suffering from IRC are more susceptible to periodontal diseases, comparatively with those without IRC, which shows that maintaining of an optimum oral hygiene is essential.
- chronic renal insufficiency
- PERIODONTAL DISEASE