Scope: The scope of the present study was to clinically evaluate the iathrogenic factors, as well as the odonto- periodontal status of the teeth included in prosthetic works and their relations with the neighbouring ones.
Materials and method: The experimental group was formed of 40 patients subjected to prosthetic treatment, including thorough clinical evaluations, analysis of all factors contributing to the occurrence of occlusal trauma and, implicitly, of the subsequent periodontal disease. The mean values were calculated with the statistical Wilcoxon and t tests, permitting to compare the evaluations.
Results and discussion: Out of the total number of patients considered for the study, 68.18% have been treated through fixed prosthetic therapy and 31.82% – through mixed prostheses. Among them, 47.27% had occlusal trauma. More numerous occlusal disorders were registered in patients with mixed prostheses (61.20%), comparatively with those with fixed prostheses (43.58%).
Conclusions: The results of the present study evidence that the teeth involved in mixed prosthetic works may frequently show signs of occlusal trauma, but not neccesarily and always accompanied by an irreversible destruction of the periodontal tissue.
- iathrogenic factors
- occlusal trauma
- odonto-periodontal status
- prosthetic works